Change of Condition, Reapplication or Renewal?
Steps to Take Before Your Temporary Residency Expires
Temporary residence is renewable for up to four years in Mexico. After four years, you must therefore decide whether to reapply for temporary status or apply for change of condition to permanent residency.
In this article we look at temporary residency renewal, reapplication and change of condition.
Temporary Residency Renewal
Temporary residency is usually granted for one year to begin with. Then, after that year, you can renew it for another one-three years. Check the bottom front corner of your resident card for the expiry date.
TIP: The resident card generally expires one year after the application date, not one year after issue.
Therefore, you will usually have the card in your possession for less than a year before renewing it the first time.
TIP: The date is in order of day/month/year. Do not get confused!
You should start the renewal process at an immigration office in Mexico (INM) within the month before the expiry date. So, give yourself plenty of time, as paperwork and payments can cause delays. If you leave it until the week before expiry, you could run into problems.
For more details on temporary residence renewal, see this article.
Reapply for Temporary Status After Four Years
If, after four years, you aren’t ready to change your condition to permanent resident, you can reapply for temporary residency. However, you will have to begin the process from scratch, and leave Mexico for a consulate visit. (Not the case if you are the spouse of a resident/national).
Change of Condition to Permanent Resident
After four years as a temporary resident, you then have the right to change your condition to permanent resident at the INM in Mexico. This is the most common way to get permanent status following temporary status.
If your have a child born in Mexico, you can apply directly for permanent residency (even if you do not have temporary status). This process is called change of condition for family union.
Likewise, spouses of Mexican nationals or temporary residents can apply for permanent residence after just two years. This is also the change of condition for family union procedure.
Finally, if you retire before the four years of temporary residency are over, you can apply to change your condition to permanent status.
In Playa del Carmen, retirees following this last procedure must produce bank reports for the past six months. They must report a pension or income of over $2,600 USD after taxes, per month, per person.
In each of these cases, the change of condition procedure takes place in Mexico.
See, also, our post on permanent residency.